It is not unique to Tonga that women are disproportionately affected by disasters and crises. But given the untimely convergence of events, now is the time to underscore the problem, writes Jessica Collins
GNS Science Duty Volcanologist says the volcanic eruption near Tonga was the largest in the volcano’s current eruptive episode and much more violent than scientists had expected
While the Hunga Ha’apai eruption is considered to have a low impact on the environment, monitors advised Tongans to protect their water supplies from possible acidic rain.
A Pacific volcano last emerged in 2014, has started letting off plume about 15km into the air near Tonga